What is Jaimini Astrology?
Jaimini Astrology/जैमिनी ज्योतिष: Although in modern times, Vedic culture is most closely followed in India, historical writings in the Vedic scriptures record an intellectually and spiritually advanced culture going back in human society to over 5,000 years ago and the Vedas are the oldest scriptures known to exist.
Vedic knowledge encompasses both material and spiritual knowledge. Astrology, also known as “Jyotish”, The Science of Light, is part of the Vedic literature and is the original form of astrology, existing long ago in what is now known as the Indian subcontinent.
There are two great astrological texts that come from these ancient scriptures; one is the Birhat Parashara Hora Shastra and the Upadesa Sutras of Jaimini (Jaimini Astrology). These two texts are unique amongst all other astrological texts in that they contain complete systems of scientific astrology. No other Jyotish texts available to us can boast of this — at best some texts have a few incomplete pages on systematic techniques.
Jaimini Astrology techniques revolve around what you truly are, what you truly will become, both spiritually and materially, who you will have in your life and the mark that your life will leave upon mankind. All of these issues are addressed much more accurately by Jaimini than by any other ancient astrologer.
However, a deep and serious study leaves the impression that there is a huge and superior intelligence behind these sutras. But since Jaimini-astrology is so much different from the usual Parasari-concept some further explanation is needed.
The Jaimini Aspects:
Normally we would say that all planets aspects the 7th house and further Mars aspects the 4th and 8th, Jupiter aspects the 5th and 9th and Saturn aspects the 3rd and 10th house from their location. But in Jaimini Astrology there is a completely different concept, since the aspects are connected to the Cardinal, Fixed and Common signs:
- a) Cardinal signs: Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn.
- b) Fixed signs: Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius.
- c) Common signs: Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.
The knowledge that we have on Jaimini Astrology today is based on an ancient text known as Jaimini Sutras, which is divided into four chapters or Adhyayas, where this unique system of Hindu astrology has been explained in about 1000 sutras.
The Rules are Very Simple:
- A planet in Cardinal sign aspects all the fixed signs, except the sign located next to it.
- A planet in fixed sign aspects all the Cardinal signs, except the sign located previous to it,
- A planet in Common sign aspects the other three Common signs.
If a planet is placed in say Aries, a Cardinal sign, then it will aspect Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius, but NOT Taurus, since Taurus is next to it.
On the other hand, if we take a planet placed in Leo, which is a Fixed sign, then it will aspect Libra, Capricorn and Aries, but NOT Cancer, which is the previous sign.
Jaimini Astrology Sage Parashara is most important founder of the Hindu or Vedic Astrology practiced in India today. Parashara’s son Sage Veda Vyasa classified Hindu Vedas into 4 parts. Besides teaching Vedas, he also taught Astrology to many of his disciples. Sage Jaimini is one of the disciples of Veda Vyasa.
Sage Jaimini learned Astrology not only from Veda Vyasa but also from his father Sage Parashara. After learning Astrology from Parashara, Jaimini developed his own system of Astrology which is called ‘Jaimini Astrology’ or ‘Jaimini System of Astrology’. In this system, the subject of Astrology is dealt in the form of sutras (brief verses). These are called ‘Jaimini Sutras’.
Jaimini(Jaimini Astrology) also wrote the ‘Purva Mimamsa Sutras‘. Mimamsa means inquiry or search that leads to the awareness of the Supreme Being. The Purva Mimamsa is one of the 6 systems of Hindu philosophy namely: Nyaaya, Vaisesika, Samkhya, Yoga, Meemamsa and Tarka.
Jaimini System of Astrology
The basic 12 Signs (rasis), 12 cusps (bhavas) and 27 stars (Nakshatra) are same in both Parashara Astrology and Jaimini Astrology. But, there are major differences in some areas. For example, in Parashara Astrology, the planets have aspects to each other. For example, the planet Jupiter will have its aspect to other planets located in 5th, 7th or 9th sign from it. But, in Jaimini Astrology, planets do not have any aspects. The aspects are considered from signs.
Jaimini Vedic Astrology Chart:
Normally, we consider karakas or significations to be always the same in case of each planet. We use the Sun for father, the Moon for mother, Mars for brothers, Jupiter for children, Venus for wife etc. etc. This kind of Karakas is known as Sthira-Karakas, meaning fixed significations(Jaimini Astrology).
This is also the case in Jaimini Astrology, and the karakas are also to some extent the same. But Jaimini additionally suggest the use of the following seven Chara-Karakas, meaning the seven changeable significations:
- Atmakaraka (Own self, considered the strongest planet)
- Amatyakaraka (Career)
- Bhratrukaraka (Brothers and sisters)
- Matrukaraka (Mother)
- Putrakaraka (Children)
- Gnatikaraka (Cousins and relations)
- Darakaraka (Husband, wife)
These seven Karakas are simply identified from the precise degree, minutes and seconds obtained by the different planets. This way a planet at 29 degrees in any sign is considered to be stronger than a planet, which is only at 25 degrees in any sign.
Except for Rahu and Ketu, the planet having most degrees in the sign occupied by him is considered to be the strongest planet in the horoscope and therefore it become the Atmakaraka.
Following the same principle, the second strongest planet becomes Amatyakaraka, then comes Bhratrukaraka followed by Matrukaraka, Putrakaraka, Gnatikara and finally the Darakaraka, which is the planet having least degrees, minutes and seconds in the sign occupied by him.
The roles played by planets are identified by their longitudes. First, we should arrange the planets in the decreasing order of their longitudes. In any sign, if a planet has highest longitude, then it is considered as Atma karaka (Atma = soul, karaka = signification). Such a planet influences the physical appearance, intelligence, energy, strengths and weaknesses, and represents the inner soul of the native. In the example horoscope, the planet with highest longitude is Venus (24 degrees 31 minutes). Hence Venus is Atma Karaka.
The planet which is having next highest longitude is called Amatya karaka. For example, in the example horoscope, Jupiter will become Amatya karaka. In this way, karaka planets should be found by decreasing longitudes. Please see the following table for better understanding. In deciding the karaka planets, we should not take Rahu and Ketu into consideration.
Table with karaka planets for the example horoscope.
|1||Venus||24 d 31 m||Atma karaka|
|2||Jupiter||23 d 42 m||Amatya karaka|
|3||Sun||11 d 30 m||Brhatru karaka|
|4||Saturn||8 d 16 m||Matru karaka|
|5||Moon||4 d 45 m||Putra karaka|
|6||Mercury||1 d 23 m||Jnathi karaka|
|7||Mars||0 d 31 m||Dara karaka|
Atma karaka: Rules the inner soul of the native. It influences the physical appearance, form, colour, intelligence, energy, strengths and weaknesses.
Amatya karaka: Rules the wealth, education, career, job, speech, knowledge, spiritual inclination, politics, authority, luck and travels.
Brhatru karaka: Influences brothers and sisters, father, servants, skill, death of parents, higher education, foreign travel, profits, wealth and friends.
Matru karaka: Influences mother’s related affairs, happiness, luxuries, primary education, and jewellery, movable and immovable assets like houses and lands, and vehicles.
Putra Karaka: Rules intelligence, education, children, honour in the society, mantra recitation, business in shares or speculation, skill in writing, wealth, loss of job, father.
Jnathi Karaka: Rules enemies, diseases, accidents, debts, obstacles, court litigations, maternal relatives, competition, adoption, inheritance, research, imprisonment, foreign relations, spiritual contentment, chronic diseases, and longevity.
Dara Karaka: Rules the affairs of spouse, partnerships, foreign travel, foreign trading, reaching the top position, name and fame in the society.
The karaka planets shown in the above table will change from horoscope to horoscope. Hence they are called ‘Char karakas’ (variable significations). Apart from these, Jaimini gave constant roles to 4 planets. Hence these are called ‘Sthira karakas’ (fixed significators). They are:
- Mars: This planet rules brothers, sisters, and relatives.
- Venus: This planet rules mother, siblings of mother, spouse, parents, in-laws.
- Mercury: This planet represents maternal uncles, step mother.
- Jupiter: Indicates grandparents, husband, father and children.
The Special Lagna:
In Jaimini astrology a number of different Ascendants or Lagna are involved obviously for a lot of different purposes. There are Arudhaa-Lagna, Upapada-Lagna, Chandra-Lagna, Bhava-Lagna, Hora-Lagna, Ghatika-Lagna, Nisheka-Lagna, Karakamsha-Lagna and Varada-Lagna just to mention some of them. I have found some of these Lagna to be highly useful.
The Upapada-Lagna is found by counting as many signs from the 12th-lord as the 12th-lord is removed from the 12th house. This way, if the 12th house falls in Libra and Venus is in Capricorn, the 4th house from the 12th, then Upapada will be in Aries, which is the 4th from Capricorn.
Upapada works like a kind of relationship-axis. It can be used in cooperation with the normal Ascendant to get a second opinion about elder and younger coborns from the 3rd and 11th house and about children from the 5th and 9th houses. In the same way the 2nd and 7th houses from Upapada can be used profitably in connection to marriage and family(Jaimini Astrology).
Karakamsa Lagna represents a special point that provides important information regarding the future of the person. To find out the Karakamsa Lagna, we should draw the Navamsa (D-9) chart first. In this chart, find out the sign where Atma karaka planet is located. That sign in the natal chart will become the Karakamsa Lagna. In the example horoscope, Atma karaka is Venus who is in the sign Leo in Navamsa chart (this chart is not shown). Hence, in the natal chart, Leo will become Karakamsa Lagna. Karakamsa Lagna and the planets posited in the Karakamsa Lagna will provide a lot of information about the life the person.
For example, when Leo becomes the Karakamsa Lagna, the person will have trouble from dogs or wild animals. He would like to spend time in hills, meditation rooms, and focuses mainly on power and authority. There are chances that he may fall from high place or position.
Bhava Arudham or Padams:
We know that there are 12 bhavas (cusps) starting from Ascendant, 2nd bhava, 3rd bhava, 12th bhava. Bhava Arudham represents a special point that is calculated for each of these 12 bhavas. Bhava Arudham influences the ability of the native in different departments of life. Bhava Arudham gives a picture regarding the status of the native in the eyes of the society.
Bhava Arudham should be calculated as follows: count the number of signs from bhava to the lord of that bhava. Then count those many signs from the bhava lord position. In the example horoscope, let us calculate Bhava Arudham for the Ascendant. The Ascendant is Cancer. Its lord is Moon which is posited in the same sign. Counting from Cancer to the position of Moon (i.e. Cancer), we got 1. Now start counting 1 from the Cancer. It means Cancer will be counted as 1. Hence Cancer will be the Bhava Arudham for the Ascendant. This is also called ‘Lagna padam’.
Similarly we should calculate Bhava Arudham for 2nd bhava. This bhava is Leo whose lord Sun is in Aries. Counting from Leo to Aries, we will have 9. Count 9 signs from Aries and we get Sagittarius. This is the Bhava Arudham for the 2nd bhava which is called ‘Dhana padam’. In this way, we will have 12 padams starting from Ascendant till 12th bhava. They are:
1. Lagna Arudhaa or Lagna padam, 2. Dhana Arudhaa or Dhana padam, 3. Vikramaarudha or Bhratru padam, 4. Vaahanarudha or Matru padam, 5. Mantraarudha or Mantra padam or putra padam, 6. Rogaarudha or roga padam or satru padam, 7. Daararudha or daara padam, 8. Ashtamaarudha or Ayur padam, 9. Bhagyaarudha or Bhagya padam, 10. Rajyarudha or Rajya padam, 11. Laabharudha or Laabha padam, 12. Upapadam.
The Lagna Arudham for the example horoscope is Cancer. This place is occupied by Moon. Jaimini says that when Lagna Arudham is occupied by Jupiter or Venus or Moon, the native will become Government officer or Political leader.
The planets posited in the 11th house from Lagna Arudham will represent the source of income. When good planets are found there, the person will earn in righteous ways. When bad planets are there, the person will earn by hook or crook(Jaimini Astrology).
In the example horoscope, Daara Arudham or Daara padam (calculated for 7th bhava) is Taurus. This sign becomes the 11th bhava from the Ascendant. When Daara padam falls in the 11th bhava, there will be good friendship between the wife and husband.
When Daara padam falls in Kendra (4, 7, 10) or Kona (5, 9) bhavas from the Ascendant, then there will be very good married life. The native will enjoy good wealth. When Daara padam falls in 6, 7 or 8th bhavas, then there will be troubled married life.
Similarly Upapadam which is calculated for 12th bhava gives details about marital life and health disorders. In the example horoscope, Upapadam is Aries which is occupied by Mars and Sun. When exalted planet is posited in Upapadam (Sun is exalted here), the native gets his spouse from a rich and royal family. When Upapadam is occupied by a debilitated or weak planet, the native will have spouse from a low class family. Benefice planets in the Upapadam represent a beautiful partner and malefic represent ugly partner.
Dasa Systems in Jaimini Astrology:
The Jaimini Dasha
In Jaimini-astrology the Dasa-systems are based on Rashi or signs and not on Nakshatra and planets like in Vimsottari Dasa etc. There are many different Dasa in Jaimini like Chara-Dasa, Sthira-Dasa, Trikona-Dasa, Shoola-Dasa, Varnada-Dasa, Navamsa-Dasa, Brahma-Dasa, Yogardha-Dasa, Drig-Dasa and Mandooka-dasa just to mention a few of them.
However, with many of these Dasa there seem to be certain conditions like planetary patterns that have to be fulfilled, meaning that many of the Dasa-systems should not be used unless their particular conditions are present in the horoscope under consideration.
Only four of these Dasa-systems seem to be for universal use for all horoscopes:
Jaimini uses Rashi Mahadasha (sign Mahadasha), in contrast to the Graha (planetary) Mahadasha used in Parasari Astrology System. There are 2 types of Dasa systems mainly used in Jaimini System. They are Chara Dasa and Sthira Dasa.
Chara (variable) Dasa system:
In this system, Dasa start from whichever sign is in the Ascendant. In the example horoscope, the Ascendant falls in Cancer. Hence, the dasas will start from Cancer. The next Dasa should be counted either in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction depending upon whether the Ascendant is Sama Pada or vishama Pada.
The following Ascendants are called Sama Pada Rashi: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius.
The following Ascendants are called Vishama Pada Rashi: Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces.
Take the 9th sign from the Ascendant. If it is Sama Pada Rashi, then count the dasas from the Ascendant Rashi in clockwise order. If the 9th sign is vishama Pada Rashi, then count in anti- clockwise order.
In the example horoscope, the Ascendant is Cancer. 9th sign from Cancer is Pisces which is Vishama Pada Rashi. Hence, the dasas should be counted in anti-clockwise order from Cancer onwards as: Cancer, Gemini, Taurus, Aries, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, Sagittarius, Scorpio, Libra, Virgo, Leo.
So, for this native the first Dasa will be of Cancer, followed by Gemini and then Taurus etc.
For Aries Ascendant person, the 9th sign will be Sagittarius which is Sama Pada Rashi. Hence, the dasas happen in clockwise order starting from Aries as: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces.
To determine the length of the Maha dasas, look at the placement of the ruler of the signs. If the ruler’s sign is Sama Pada, then count in clockwise order from the sign to the ruler. If the ruler’s sign is vishama Pada, then count in anti-clockwise order. After that, deduct 1. If a planet is in its own sign, it is assigned 12 years (Jaimini Astrology).
In the example horoscope, Cancer is the Ascendant. Hence, the starting Dasa is of Cancer sign. Since Moon who is lord of this sign is posited there, its Dasa length will be 12 years. After Cancer Dasa, the next Dasa will be of Gemini. Since Gemini is Sama Pada, count in clockwise order to its lord’s placement (i.e. place of Mercury). It gives 12. Then subtract 1. So, 12-1 = 11 years. Similarly, the next Dasa will be of Taurus. Its lord is Venus posited in Taurus. Hence, Taurus Dasa period will be 12 years. The next Dasa will be of Aries whose lord is Mars in Aries. Hence its Dasa period will be 12 years. The next Dasa will be of Pisces whose lord is Jupiter in 4th house. Hence it s Dasa period will be 4-1 = 3 years duration. In this way Maha Dasa periods should be calculated(Jaimini Astrology).
Jaimini Gives Special Rules for Scorpio and Capricorn Signs.
- If anyone planet either Mars or Ketu, is placed in Scorpio, then we should use the other to calculate the number of years for the Dasa and ignore the one placed in Scorpio. Then deduct 1.
- If both Mars and Ketu are placed in Scorpio, we should take 12 years without any deductions.
- If both of them are placed in a Rashi other than Scorpio, then count to the stronger planet in that two and deduct.
In the same way, we should do for Saturn and Rahu in Capricorn sign.
Similarly, each Antar Dasa (sub period) will be in months equal to the number of years as of Dasa period. In the example horoscope, the Cancer Dasa period is having 12 years duration. Its sub periods will be Cancer-Gemini, Cancer-Taurus, Cancer-Aries, Cancer-Pisces, Cancer-Aquarius, Cancer-Capricorn, Cancer-Sagittarius, Cancer-Scorpio, Cancer- Libra, Cancer-Virgo, Cancer-Leo and then Cancer-Cancer.
Here the first Antar Dasa Cancer-Gemini will be of 11 months and second Antar Dasa Cancer-Taurus will be of 12 months and the third Antar Dasa Cancer-Aries will be of 12 months, and of Cancer-Pisces will be of 3 months, etc.
Sthira (fixed) Dasa System:
In this system, the Dasa periods will have fixed durations. To know, this system, we should first calculate ‘Brahma graha’. The following rules will help to know the Brahma graha:
- Find out which bhava is stronger in the Ascendant and 7th bhavas. If the Ascendant is stronger, then count from the Ascendant to the stronger planet among 6th, 8th and 12th bhava lords. If 7th bhava is stronger than the Ascendant, then counting should be done from 7th.
- The stronger planet among 6th or 8th or 12th lords counted from either Ascendant or from 7th will become Brahma graha.
- Saturn and Rahu cannot become Brahma Graha. In case, Saturn or Rahu happen to become Brahma graha, then we should take the lord of 6th bhava from that planet (i.e. either Saturn or Rahu) as Brahma graha.
Sthira Dasa periods will start from that sign where Brahma graha is found. The Dasa periods will start from that sign onwards, always in clockwise direction.
In the example horoscope, Ascendant lord Moon is posited in the Ascendant and hence it is stronger than the 7th house. Hence, Dasa periods will start from Cancer onwards as: Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini (Jaimini Astrology).
Cardinal signs (ex: Aries, Cancer, etc.) will have 7 years Maha Dasa period. Fixed signs (ex: Taurus, Leo, etc.) will have 8 years period. Common signs (ex: Gemini, Virgo, etc.) will have 9 years period. In the example horoscope, Cancer Dasa period will have 7 years Maha Dasa period as it is a common sign. The Antar Dasa (sub periods) in Cancer will be: Cancer-Cancer, Cancer-Leo, Cancer-Virgo, Cancer-Libra, Cancer-Scorpio, Cancer-Sagittarius, Cancer-Capricorn, Cancer-Aquarius, Cancer-Pisces, Cancer-Aries, Cancer-Taurus, and Cancer-Gemini. The first Antar Dasa period of Cancer-Cancer will last for 7 months, Cancer-Leo will last for 8 months, Cancer-Virgo will last for 9 months and Cancer-Libra will last for 7 months and so on.